The turning chain takes the place of the first stitch in a row. We make it in order to secure the right height of the row which we are starting off. So if we want to make a row of double crochet stitches, we must first crochet three chain stitches so that first stitches we crochet ‘stand straight.’
The number of turning stitches depends on the type of stitch we want to crochet, or actually the kind of first stitch in a row.
The following table should be of help:
- Single crochet stitch – 1 turning stitch (does not count in a row)
- Half double crochet stitch: 2 turning stitches
- Double crochet stitch: 3 turning stitches
- Triple crochet stitch: 4 turning stitches
- Double treble crochet stitch: 4 turning stitches
The turning chain is usually counted as the first stitch of the row, with the exception of single crochet rows.