A crocheted piece of yarn and a crochet hook.

Single Crochet Made Simple: Step-by-Step Tutorial for Beginners [+Video]

Let’s dive into the single crochet stitch – the foundation for countless crochet projects. No matter if you are picking up a crochet hook for the first time or expanding your repertoire, this guide is for you.

Join me as we unravel the simplicity and versatility of this essential technique, equipping you with confidence and skills for your crochet journey.

What is the Single Crochet Stitch

When you know how to make a slip knot and establish a foundation chain, the next thing to learn is how to single crochet. This short stitch is very versatile and comes up in many crochet patterns.

The single crochet stitch is abbreviated to “sc” in US terms and “dc” in UK terms (because it’s called double crochet). Check the differences between the two in my article about US and UK Terms.

In crochet diagrams, we mark it with the plus-shaped symbol + or the letter x.

The Uses of a Single Crochet Stitch

This basic stitch has a wide range of applications, as it creates sturdy and dense fabric. It’s perfect for amigurumi toys, home decor, and kitchen accessories, such as dishcloths and potholders.

You can use it to finish off crochet pieces – it appears in edging patterns, joining techniques, and surface embellishments.

How to Make a Single Crochet Stitch Step-by-Step

Follow these simple steps to make a single crochet:

  1. Insert the crochet hook into the second chain stitch (or the first stitch of the row).
  2. Pull up a loop, so that you have two loops on the hook.
  3. Grab the yarn and pull it through both loops.

Repeat across the row, and turn the work at the end of each row. Remember to add one turning chain stitch before turning.

Video Tutorial for Right-Handed Crocheters

This tutorial will show you slowly how to single crochet.

Video Tutorial for Left-Handed Crocheters

This tutorial will show you slowly how to single crochet if you are left-handed.


Learn more on how to make a chain stitch in the article I wrote for YourCrochet.com.

Tips for Beginners

As a beginner, remember to make your practice as pleasant and easy as possible.

Practice Exercises

When you’re just starting out, practice on a small swatch or a sampler project. A simple square or rectangle made with only single crochet stitches may give you enough confidence to tackle bigger projects.

Then, experiment with various hook sizes and yarn types, or go on to make a dishcloth or a simple crochet scarf.

Common Mistakes and How to Fix Them

  • Skipping stitches – work slowly and pay attention to the placement of your stitches. If you skip a stitch, unravel to the place of the error, fix it, and redo the part.
  • Working too tightly – change your crochet hook to a bigger size or choose finer yarn. You can also try relaxing your crocheting style.
  • Working too loosely – change your crochet hook to a smaller size or choose heavier yarn. You can also try pulling the yarn tighter while crocheting.
  • Miscounting stitches – if you end up with too many or too few stitches in a row, make sure you count them in each row. Use a stitch marker if needed to mark the beginning or end of the row.


How do I turn at the end of a row when working single crochet?

When you finish a row of single crochet stitches, chain one before beginning the next row. This is your turning chain and it doesn’t count as a stitch, but it helps you move to the next row.

Can I use single crochet stitch for making amigurumi projects?

Of course, this stitch is the most popular in amigurumi projects, as it’s dense and creates sturdy fabric. It’s perfect for small three-dimensional pieces because it keeps the shape and the filling doesn’t stick out through the gaps.

What type of yarn and hook size is recommended for single crochet stitch?

Beginners should start with a medium-weight yarn and a corresponding hook, but you can make single crochet with absolutely any yarn. The hook size and yarn type heavily impact the density and drape of the fabric, though.

How do I change colors when working single crochet?

Changing colors is very easy and it works exactly like with other crochet stitches. Learn more about it in my article about how to change colors in crochet.

Can single crochet be used for creating garments or accessories?

Yes, it can, but it usually appears as a companion to other types of stitches. Use it in garments, accessories, hats, sweaters and bags. Remember that it creates a dense structured fabric, so it’s not great for flowy pieces.


All in all, the single crochet stitch is a foundational stitch in crochet. It’s widely used and valued for its simplicity and versatility. You will find it in amigurumi, home decor projects, garments, and more.

I hope that this step-by-step guide helped you learn it in a flash. Practice it with patience and you’ll become proficient in crochet in no time!


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